It takes excellent craftsmanship and the work of a very skilled diamond cutter to take a diamond in the rough and transform it into a fine, sparkling gem. Diamonds that are to be used in pieces of high quality jewelry rely on their diamond cuts to show off their best qualities.
A diamond’s cut and cut grade are very significant, and perhaps the most important elements in influencing its overall appearance. There are many different types of diamond cuts, each one having a different effect on how the stone catches, reflects and interacts with light.
The diamond trade employs a set list of standards set by the Gemological Institute of America (GIA) in order to assess a stone’s quality. This international system measures the 4 key characteristics of a diamond, known as the 4C’s: clarity, color and carat weight as well as the cut. Diamonds you’ll find for sale usually come with an individual grading report that documents how the diamond measures up in each of these four main criteria.
The grading report will greatly determine not just the diamond’s quality, but also its price. When choosing a diamond, look for one that balances these four characteristics. Perfect quality diamonds are extremely rare and very expensive, but it’s possible to select a slightly imperfect diamond that still appears brilliant to the naked eye.
For use in jewelry, diamonds are cut into many shapes, such as round, princess cut, pear shaped, emerald cut or marquise cut. The shape of the stone, however, is only a small piece of what goes into its cut grade. The cut grade refers more to how proportioned it is. The diamond’s proportion has to do with the relationship between the diamond’s size, shape and the angle of each of its facets. The beauty of a diamond depends more on its cut than any thing else because how a diamond is cut greatly effects how light interacts with the diamond.
It affects the diamond’s brilliance (the brightness created from reflections of white light), fire (the dispersion of light into the colors of the visible spectrum), scintillation (flashes of light or sparkle that occurs when the diamond or light source is shifted), polish (how well each facet is polished) and symmetry (how well the facets of the stone align with each other). The GIA and most gemologists agree that diamond cut grade is the most complex part of a diamond’s overall 4C’s evaluation.
Ralph Mueller & Associates has been serving the Valley of the Sun for over 28 years, and have over 60 years combined experience in buying and selling diamonds and precious gemstones between their two senior Graduate Gemologists. Over the years, the company has purchased millions of dollars worth of fine gemstones and jewelry from people all over the world. Visit diamondbuyersofaz.com to have your jewelry appraised by our experts.